Hepatitis A is one of the most common vaccine-preventable diseases in travellers, according to the Government of Canada.
Hepatitis A is caused by the Hepatitis A virus and affects the function of your liver. Hepatitis A is transmitted through contaminated food or water, or from someone who has the illness. The illness is commonly transmitted in areas with poor sanitation or hygiene. There is an incubation period of up to 50 days during which time there are no symptoms, but the virus can be transmitted to others. The incubation period is followed by symptoms of fatigue, nausea / vomiting, abdominal pain, jaundice, fever, joint pain and more.
The Hepatitis A vaccine may be recommended for travellers going to countries with Hepatitis A is prevalent, for men who have sex with men, and for people with chronic liver disease.
Vaccine Name: Avaxim / Havrix / Twinrix
- Avaxim Product Monograph (PDF Download)
- Avaxim Pediatric Product Monograph (PDF Download)
- Havrix Product Monograph (PDF Download)
- Twinrix Product Monograph (PDF Download)
- Government of Canada Resource on Hepatitis A for Travellers
- World Health Organization Map of countries where Hepatitis A is prevalent