Malaria is a disease commonly spread by female Anopheles mosquitoes infected with the Plasmodium parasite. Malaria symptoms include fever, headaches and vomiting and occur after a 10 to 15 day incubation period. If not treated early, Malaria symptoms can be severe and include seizures, coma or result in death. In some cases, Malaria symptoms may recur. Malaria is most commonly found in sub-Saharan Africa, but also in parts of Asia and South America. Prevention against mosquito bites by using mosquito nets, bug repellents is the line of first defense, and taking anti-malarial medication may be recommended.
Anti-malarial medication may be recommended for people travelling to Malaria-endemic regions, especially sub-Saharan Africa. Pregnant women, young children, and non-immune travellers from malaria-free regions are particularly vulnerable.
World Health Organization
Projected changes in malaria incidence rates, by country 200-2015
Vaccine: Anti-malarial medication such as Malarone is prescribed for travel to Malaria regions.
- Malarone Product Monograph (PDF Download)
- Government of Canada Resource on Malaria for Travellers
- World Health Organization Map of countries where Malaria is prevalent