Typhoid fever is a serious infectious disease caused by the Salmonella Typhi bacteria. It is spread by contact with another person infected with the bacteria, by ingesting water or food that has come into contact with an infected person, or by water or food contaminated by sewage in areas where Typhoid is prevalent. Some people do not develop symptoms, whereas others may experience fever, headache, loss of appetite, constipation or diarrhea. In severe cases, intestinal bleeding can occur and the liver and spleen may be affected. Typhoid fever can be treated with antibiotics.
Vaccination against Typhoid fever may be recommended if you are travelling to South Asia. Other areas of risk include Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, Central and South America, according to the Government of Canada.
Vaccine Name: Typherix
- Typherix Vaccine Product Monograph (PDF Download)
- Government of Canada Resource on Typhoid Fever for Travellers